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In Quebec, territorial planningis governed by the laws adopted in 1979 on urban planning and development, namely the Loi sur l'aménagement et l'urbanisme. The competencies derived therefrom are the responsability of the municipalités régionales de comté (MRC) and metropolitan communities. Territorial planning encompasses all actions and interventions in order to organize the development of the territory, while accounting for the natural, human, technical and political contexts ans constraints.
Four levels of territorial planning:
At the provincial level, government guidelines and expectations guide interventions in planning at the metropolitan, regional and local levels. Published in 1994, the main document on government policies in territorial planning is entitled "Pour un aménagement concerté du territoire". This document sets out the orientations and expectations of the government in various areas of territorial planning, including habitat conditions, the exisitng environment, the risks of natural and anthropogenic events, equipment and infrastructure, agricultural land, energy and tourism.
Following its creation in 2000 by the Montréal Metropolitan Community (MMC), of which 11 of the 23 municipalities of Vaudreuil-Soulanges are part, the government outlined its guidelines and specific expectations regarding metropolitan area planning in a document entitled "Une vision d'action commune - Cadre d'aménagement et orientations gouvernementales - Région métropolitaine de Montréal 2001-2021".
In 2011, this document was revised and updated by the publication of the addendum entitled "Addenda modifiant les orientations gouvernementales en matières d'aménagement du territoire de la Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal en vue de l'élaboration d'un plan métropolitain d'aménagement et de développement". These documents have been modified and refined over the years and guidance documents on specific themes, such as the protection of agricultural land and activities along with sustainable development of wind energy, have been adopted and updated by the government.
To learn more, you can see all documents relating to the guidelines and expectations of the government's development on the MAMROT website: http://www.mamrot.gouv.qc.ca/amenagement-du-territoire / orientations-gouvernementales/presentation /
In addition, several provincial laws are taken into consideration when looking at territorial planning, either directly by integrating items such as the regulatory framework applied by the MRC, or indirectly through the inclusion of regulations provisions to address these items. The Loi sur la qualité environnementale (LQE or Environmental Quality Act), the Loi sur les biens culturels (LBC or Cultural Property Act) and the Loi sur la protection du territoire et des activités agricoles (LPTAA or Act to Preserve Agricultural Land and Agricultural Activities) are those that generally have a direct impact on territorial planning. For example, the Act to Preserve Agricultural Land and Agricultural Activities states that an MRC may apply to the Commission de protection du territoire agricole du Québec (CPTAQ or Commission for Protection of agricultural land in Quebec) to determine when new uses for residential purposes could be implemented in agricultural areas. Once these specific cases are identified within the MRC development plan, their application can be incorporated into municipal planning regulations.
At the metropolitan level, the Plan métropolitain d'aménagement et de développement (PMAD or metropolitan land use plan and development) is a planning tool that defines the orientations, objectives and criteria to ensure coherent and sustainable development of a metropolitan community. The PMAD provides guidance to ensure the competitiveness and attractiveness of the Greater Montréal Area, while supporting the sustainable development of the metropolitan territory.
The PMAD is based on 3 challenges that the metropolitan region must overcome in the upcoming years:
Challenge 1: Planning
The Greater Montréal must determine the type of urbanization preferred to accommodate the projected growth of about 530,000 people, or 320,000 new households and 150,000 jobs that will be created by 2031, considering that the space available and that the financial resources are limited and a metropolitan perimeter needs to be identified.
Challenge 2: Transportation
The Greater Montréal is must optimize and develop current and projected land-based transportation networks to support the increasing mobility of people and goods and promote a consolidation of urbanization.
Challenge 3: Environment
The Greater Montréal must protect and enhance its natural and built environments (lakes, landscapes, woodlands and heritage complexes) to enhance the attractiveness of the region.
To learn more, please visit the PMAD on the website of the Montréal Metropolitan Community: http://pmad.ca/
To guide territorial planning at the regional level, the territorial planning and development plan is the tool that establishes broad guidelines for the physical organization of the territory of an MRC territory according to a regional vision for sustainable development. This document compiles the choices and decisions and is intended for municipalities concerned, the Government, ministries and their agents. This tool also oversees the actions of different contributors in relation to the guidance and government expectations and, as appropriate, those of the metropolitan land use and development plan. Entered into force on October 25, 2004, the revised territorial development plan of the MRC de Vaudreuil-Soulanges focuses on better management of urbanization respecting its main guideline: Manage urban developement more effectively. The territorial development plan is presented in detail in the section entitled revised territorial development plan.
Of the 23 municipalities of the MRC de Vaudreuil-Soulanges, the following 11 municipalities are part of the CMM (add map):
- Les Cèdres
The Plan métropolitain d'aménagement et de développement (PMAD) of the Montréal Metropolitan Community (MMC) entered into force on March 12, 2012. Under the Loi sur l'aménagement et l'urbanisme, within two years after the adoption of the PMAD, the MRC whose territory is wholly or partly within that of the MMC must adopt a regulation in accordance with the metropolitan plan. Eleven municipalities in the territory are subject to the PMAD, therefore the MRC must ensure the consistency of its revised territorial development plan.
At the local level, these municipalities have a period of six months to ensure the consistency of their respective plans and planning regulations with the territorial development plan of the MRC.